Vizier


Vizier
    The supreme chief of the government administration, who received his orders directly from the king. He was not only Minister of Justice, but was in charge of various departments including the police, public works, chancellery, treasury, judgement of appeals and river transport. He was also involved in advising councils of war and, as the king's delegate, the vizier reported back to him on all matters of importance. Translated as 'vizier', the ancient Egyptian word for this office is 'tjaty'.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
* * *
   Modern name based on the Arabic wazir for the chief administrative official of the Egyptian kingdom. Ancient Egyptian tjaty. The office appears to be attested since the Early Dynastic Period. It was the chief administrative office in the country, and the vizier was responsible for law and order. Beginning in the New Kingdom, the post was divided into two positions—one vizier for Lower Egypt and one for Upper Egypt. The post was the most powerful next to that of the ruler, and an ambitious vizier was often a threat to the king, as in the case of Amenemhat I.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • VizieR — es un servicio de catálogos astronómicos proporcionado por el Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS). El origen de VizieR se remonta a 1993, cuando surge el European Space Information System Catalogue Browser (ESIS) de la Agencia… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vizier — Viz ier, n. [Ar. wez[=i]r, waz[=i]r, properly, a bearer of burdens, a porter, from wazara to bear a burden: cf. F. vizir, visir. Cf. {Alguazil}.] A councilor of state; a high executive officer in Turkey and other Oriental countries. [Written also …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • VizieR — Catalogue Service электронная база данных астрономических объектов, принадлежащая Центру астрономических данных в Страсбурге. Появление базы данных датируется 1995 годом;[1] она была интегрирована в другие, уже существовавшие к тому времени… …   Википедия

  • vizier — [vi zir′, viz′yər] n. [Turk vezīr < Ar wazīr, a vizier, lit., bearer of burdens < wazara, to bear a burden, take upon oneself: the vizier bears the duties actually incumbent upon the ruler] in the Ottoman Empire, a high officer in the… …   English World dictionary

  • vizier — 1560s, from Turk. vezir counsellor, from Arabic wazir viceroy, lit. one who bears (the burden of office), lit. porter, carrier, from wazara he carried. But Klein says Arabic wazir is from Avestan viçira arbitrator, judge. He also says it replaced …   Etymology dictionary

  • Vizier — For the astronomical catalog, see VizieR. For the Vizier of ancient Egypt, see Vizier (Ancient Egypt). Distinguish from visor. Arms of Ottoman Vizier A vizier ( …   Wikipedia

  • vizier — vizierate /vi zear it, ayt, viz yeuhr it, yeuh rayt /, viziership, n. vizierial, adj. /vi zear , viz yeuhr/, n. (formerly) a high official in certain Muslim countries and caliphates, esp. a minister of state. Cf. grand vizier. Also, vizir. [1555… …   Universalium

  • VizieR — The VizieR Catalogue Service is an astronomical catalog service provided by Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg.The origin of the ViZieR Catalogue Service dates back to 1993 as the ESA European Space Information System Catalogue Browser …   Wikipedia

  • VizieR — Der VizieR Dienst des Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg ist eine astronomische Datenbank. Vizier bietet Astronomen einen Zugang zu vielen Katalogen und Datensammlungen aus der astronomischen Fachliteratur. Die Daten werden dabei in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • vizier — UK [vɪˈzɪə(r)] / US [vɪˈzɪr] noun [countable] Word forms vizier : singular vizier plural viziers an important government official in some Muslim countries in the past …   English dictionary


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